Publication Ethics

Following is an outline of our commitment to publication ethics and transparency in accordance with the principles of the Committee on Publishing Ethics (COPE) and the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ).  

Peer review process: All submitted manuscripts undergo a three-step review process. For journal-specific peer review process, please visit this page and follow the link for each journal.

Editorial team: For journal-specific editorial team, please visit this page and follow the link for each journal.

Publishing fee: For journal-specific publishing fee, please visit this page and follow the link for each journal. 

Copyright/Licensing Policy: The authors retain the copyright of the electronic version of their published article. All our publications are open access, licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0). This policy is displayed on the first page of each article. 

Process for identification of and dealing with allegations of research misconduct 

Plagiarism check:  All submitted articles undergo plagiarism check first. We work with CrossRef to use iThenticate to detect plagiarism. iThenticate gives a 'similarity index', which is the word-by-word copying of materials from previously published literature. We use similarity index to make a decision. Even if the original source was cited, articles with more than 10% similarity index will be returned to the authors without peer review for corrective action. For articles with similarity index between 1-10%, we follow the guidelines of COPE on text recycling to make a decision. 

Responsibility of Authors: The responsibilities of authors are included here. 

Responsibility of Editors and independent reviewers: Editors and independent reviewers are expected to keep the manuscripts confidential, provide an unbiased scientific opinion of the manuscript on time and declare any conflict of interest as described here. For journal-specific publishing fee, please follow the link for each journal. 

Copyright violation: Where relevant, it is the responsibility of the authors to obtain permission from copyright holders, and to ensure that the use of images, data and illustrations in the manuscript do not violate copyright laws. It is mandatory that all manuscripts include the following "Copyright and Permission" statement: To the best of my/our knowledge, the materials included in this chapter do not violate copyright laws. All original sources have been appropriately acknowledged and/or referenced. Where relevant, appropriate permissions have been obtained from the original copyright holder(s).  

Corrections: If an error in any of the published manuscript is brought to our attention, we will publish an Erratum or Corrigendum on the journal website. The published manuscript will remain unaltered. 

Retraction: Proof of scientific misconduct will lead to retraction of a published manuscript. Other issues will be dealt with on a case-by-case based on the retraction guidelines of COPE. The retracted article and the reason(s) for retraction will be clearly stated. 

Ethics approval and informed consent: Policies for ethics approval and informed consent are given here.

Ownership and management: : Codon Publications is privately-owned. The company head office is shifted to Singapore (Singapore registration 201921345W) from Australia (ABN 66856928087) in 2019. The administrative aspects are done through the coordinated effort of personnel located in Singapore and Australia. The infrastructure for publication and technical support for online presence is provided by the Public Knowledge Project (PKP), Simon Fraser University, Canada and Open Journal Systems Company, Arizona, USA. Post-acceptance processing of articles is delegated to various companies. Permanent preservation of published articles is done via Portico, PMC, and PubMed. Services for doi and plagiarism check are provided by Crossref.

Web site: To the best of our knowledge, the site does not contain any misleading information. If any misleading information on the website is brought to our attention, we will take corrective action.

Conflict of interest: It is mandatory that authors, editors and independent reviewers disclose conflict of interest as described here. 

Access: Our publications are freely available online. There is no need for any kind of registration to access them. 

Advertising: We do not accept third-party advertisements. 

Archiving: We use Portico for the permanent preservation of electronic versions.

Direct marketing: Potential authors are invited by email.

Contact details: Our contact details are displayed under 'Contact. 

Complaints: Any complaint about the operations of codon Publications should be sent to with the subject line "Complaint". In the initial contact, identify yourself, state the complaint and sign off with your full name and contact details, including a valid phone number with the country and area code. The initial email should not contain any attachments, html codes, or clickable links. All correspondence should be in English with the subject line ‘Complaint’. Initial emails that do not meet any of these criteria will not receive a response and will be deleted. Emails that meet these criteria will receive a response from the editorial office within 72 hours. The Publisher will work with the person who made the complaint for a speedy resolution. To maintain transparency, all correspondence will be in writing, via the above email address.